Pol Pot was the leader of the Cambodian communist movement the Khmer Rouge from 1975 to 1979. Pot’s plan was to turn Cambodia into a communist farming, peasant community; this resulted in the death of an estimated 2 million Cambodians, including a significant portion of the country’s educated population. In addition, American bombings killed another 150,000 peasants and forced them to take refuge in the capital, Phnom Penh. These events led to the destabilization of both the military and the economy in Cambodia, a devastation from which they have not yet recovered.

The current government is a parliamentary representative democratic monarchy established in 1993. The current (as of 2009) Prime Minister is Samdach Hun Sen was elected in 1998 and has been in office since. The recent election in 2004 was more peaceful then the previous in Cambodia.